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Acne Treatment
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Author: Sophia Man
04 Jun 2024

You're not alone in your struggle with acne - it's a skin issue that affects millions of people worldwide. But did you know that there are seven different types of pimples that can appear on your skin, each with its own set of causes and treatments? From comedones to cystic acne, understanding the various forms of acne is essential to finding an effective solution. You'll uncover the surprising factors that trigger breakouts, the diverse range of treatments available, and the simple yet powerful home remedies that can help you regain control of your skin!


What is Acne? How is Pimple Formed?

Acne occurs when hair follicles become plugged with oil (sebum) and dead skin cells, creating an environment for bacteria to grow, leading to inflammation and the development of pimples.
The process begins with excess oil production, stimulated by androgens, hormones that increase during puberty. Dead skin cells then build up, clogging pores along with excess oil.
The trapped oil and dead skin cells create a breeding ground for Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) bacteria, which leads to inflammation and the formation of pimples.


Different Types of Acne


Comedones, the earliest stage of acne, manifest as small bumps on the skin's surface, signaling a blockage in the pores that can eventually lead to more severe acne forms. These non-inflamed bumps are a sign that your pores are clogged with oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria. There are two main types of comedones: whiteheads and blackheads. Whiteheads, also known as closed comedones, appear as small, flesh-colored bumps with closed pores. Blackheads, or open comedones, are open pores with oxidized debris, giving them a dark appearance.


Papules, a common and often painful form of acne, appear as small, red, tender bumps on the skin, signaling inflammation and clogging of the pores. These bumps can be painful to touch and may cause discomfort.


You may experience pustules, a common and often painful type of acne, characterized by red, inflamed bumps on the skin filled with yellow or white pus. These acne lesions contain a mixture of bacteria, dead skin cells, and white blood cells, causing inflammation and tenderness. Unlike papules, pustules have a visible pus-filled head that can rupture if squeezed. Pustules are a more severe form of acne, requiring proper treatment to prevent scarring and further infection.


Forming deep within the skin, nodules are severe acne lesions that cause painful bumps, often leading to scarring if left untreated. These large, solid pimples don't contain pus and can be challenging to treat with over-the-counter products. The best approach is to simply wait it out. In fact, severe nodular acne breakout often requires professional medical intervention, such as prescription medications or procedures, to prevent long-term skin damage.

Cystic Acne

While nodules are painful and challenging to treat, cystic acne takes acne severity to a whole new level, characterized by deep, painful cysts beneath the skin's surface that are filled with pus and can lead to inflammation and scarring. As a severe form of acne, cystic acne is more common in adults and can be triggered by hormonal changes, genetics, and certain medications. These painful cysts can persist for weeks to months and may require a combination of treatments to improve the condition.

Nodulocystic acne

Characterized by a combination of painful nodules and cysts, nodulocystic acne is a severe and complex form of acne that can cause significant great pain and permanent scarring if left untreated. As a severe form of acne, nodulocystic acne necessitates aggressive treatment, such as prescription medications like isotretinoin or oral antibiotics. Early intervention is vital to minimize the risk of permanent scarring and improve treatment outcomes.

Hormonal Acne

Hormonal acne, usually linked to changes in hormone levels, especially androgens like testosterone, can be challenging to manage. You may experience deep, cystic pimples along the jawline, chin, and lower cheeks, which can be resistant to traditional acne treatments. Hormonal changes during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause can trigger hormonal acne flare-ups.


What Factors Cause Acne?

Oily Skin Condition

If you have oily skin, you're more likely to experience acne breakouts due to the excess sebum production, which can combine with dead skin cells and bacteria to clog pores and cause inflammation. This combination creates an ideal environment for acne to develop. Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) bacteria thrive in oily skin, leading to inflammation and acne. What's more, humidity and pollution can exacerbate acne in individuals with oily skin.

Slow Skin Metabolism

When your skin metabolism is slow, dead skin cells don't shed properly, causing a buildup that can clog pores and lead to acne.

Teenage Years

During puberty, hormonal fluctuations, particularly the surge in androgen levels, trigger an increase in sebum production, making teenagers more prone to acne.

Hormonal Changes (Menstruation, Menopause, Pregnancy)

Hormonal fluctuations, particularly those experienced during menstruation, menopause, and pregnancy, can wreak havoc on your skin, leading to acne breakouts and worsened skin conditions. During menstruation, hormonal changes can trigger acne breakouts, especially around the chin and jawline. Pregnancy hormones, like progesterone, can stimulate oil gland activity and alter skin cell turnover, leading to acne. Menopausal hormonal changes can result in acne due to decreased estrogen levels and increased androgen activity, leading to oilier skin and potential breakouts.

Medical Conditions and Medications

Certain medical conditions and medications can also trigger acne breakouts. Some medical conditions that can contribute to acne development include: 1. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): affects hormone levels and increases the risk of acne. 2. Cushing's syndrome: a hormonal disorder that can lead to acne and other skin issues. 3. Rosacea: a skin condition that can cause inflammation and acne-like symptoms. 4. Dermatitis: a skin condition that can lead to inflammation and skin irritation, which can worsen acne symptoms. Moreover, specific medications such as corticosteroids, lithium, and anticonvulsants can induce acne as a side effect.


Topical treatments for Acne

Benzoyl Peroxide

When it comes to tackling acne, benzoyl peroxide is a trusted ally that has been proven to kill acne-causing bacteria, reduce inflammation, and unclog pores, making it a popular topical treatment for mild to moderate acne. Remember to start with a lower concentration and gradually increase as your skin adjusts to minimize side effects like dryness, redness, and peeling.

Azelaic Acid

Azelaic acid, a topical treatment for acne, works by unclogging pores and reducing inflammation, making it an effective solution for mild to moderate acne, including comedones, inflammatory acne, and mild cases of nodulocystic acne. As a topical treatment, azelaic acid has antibacterial properties, which help combat the bacteria that can cause acne. Additionally, azelaic acid can help to fade acne scars and hyperpigmentation, improving overall skin texture and tone. While using azelaic acid, you may experience some common side effects such as mild skin irritation, dryness, and peeling, but these usually subside with continued use.

Salicylic Acid

Salicylic acid, a beta hydroxy acid, effectively exfoliates the skin and unclogs pores by dissolving dead skin cells, making it a popular ingredient in many over-the-counter acne treatments. This topical treatment is suitable for mild to moderate acne, reducing inflammation, redness and swelling. Regular use of salicylic acid can also improve skin texture, leaving your skin looking smoother and more radiant. With its proven effectiveness and gentle, non-irritating properties, salicylic acid is a great addition to your acne-fighting arsenal.


Derived from vitamin A, retinoids are a powerful topical treatment for acne that helps to unclog pores, reduce inflammation, and promote cell turnover, making them an effective solution for tackling mild to severe acne. By increasing cell turnover, retinoids prevent the formation of new comedones and promote the shedding of dead skin cells, ultimately improving skin texture and reducing the appearance of acne scars over time. When used as directed, retinoids can bring significant benefits, but it's essential to be aware of potential side effects like dryness, redness, and increased sensitivity to sunlight.


Zinc is a powerful ally in the fight against breakouts, reducing inflammation and bacteria on the skin while regulating oil production and promoting wound healing. Zinc's anti-inflammatory helps to heal acne wounds, reducing scarring and promoting healthy skin; its antibacterial properties help to combat Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) bacteria, a leading cause of acne.

Tea tree oil

Tea tree oil is an effective topical treatment for acne, as it is able to penetrate the skin and target the bacteria that contribute to acne formation, making it a natural and potent ally in the fight against breakouts. As a natural acne treatment, tea tree oil has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties that help reduce acne lesions and inflammation. Studies have shown that tea tree oil can be as effective as benzoyl peroxide in reducing acne lesions, with fewer side effects. To use tea tree oil for acne, it's essential to dilute it properly to avoid skin irritation and do a patch test before full application.


Acne Treatment
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Home Remedies for Acne

As you explore home remedies for acne, you'll find that some unexpected ingredients can provide relief.
Let's take a closer look at these natural remedies and how they can work together to combat acne.

Honey and Cinnamon

Honey is a natural humectant, retaining moisture in the skin, while cinnamon improves blood circulation, promoting healthier skin. The combination of honey and cinnamon can act as a natural exfoliant, helping to unclog pores and prevent new acne breakouts. What's more, both honey and cinnamon have anti-inflammatory properties, reducing redness and swelling associated with acne; both ingredients' antibacterial properties work together to combat acne-causing bacteria, reducing the appearance of pimples and breakouts.

Oatmeal and Yogurt

When combined, oatmeal and yogurt create a powerful acne-fighting duo that can help soothe and calm irritated skin while promoting a clearer complexion. Oatmeal's anti-inflammatory properties can calm irritated skin and reduce redness associated with acne, while yogurt's probiotics promote healthy skin by balancing the skin's microbiome and reducing acne-causing bacteria. Together, oatmeal and yogurt create a gentle exfoliating mask that helps unclog pores and remove dead skin cells, improving skin texture and reducing acne breakouts. This natural remedy is especially beneficial for those with sensitive skin, as it's gentle and non-irritating.

Green Tea and Honey

Green tea's antioxidants help reduce inflammation, while honey's antibacterial properties combat acne-causing bacteria. Honey's enzymes also help break down dead skin cells, and green tea's astringent properties tighten pores, reducing the appearance of pores. At last, the catechins in green tea and honey's enzymes work together to promote skin healing and prevent future acne flare-ups.

Tea Tree Oil and Honey

Tea tree oil's antibacterial properties help combat acne-causing bacteria, reducing inflammation and preventing further breakouts. Meanwhile, honey's soothing effects calm irritated skin, reducing redness and promoting healing. When used together, tea tree oil and honey create a synergistic effect that targets acne from multiple angles.

Apple Cider Vinegar and Honey

The acetic acid in apple cider vinegar helps kill bacteria that can cause acne, while honey's antibacterial properties soothe and calm the skin. Besides, apple cider vinegar's acidity helps balance your skin's natural pH, reducing the appearance of pores and inflammation. Honey's moisturizing properties and apple cider vinegar's astringent properties work together to hydrate and soothe the skin, reducing redness and irritation. The mixture provides a gentle, non-abrasive exfoliant that removes dead skin cells, unclogs pores, and promotes cell turnover.


Aspirin contains salicylic acid, a common ingredient in acne treatments, which makes it an effective and accessible home remedy. To use aspirin as a home remedy, crush an aspirin tablet and mix it with water to create a paste. This paste can be applied directly to pimples to reduce redness and swelling. The anti-inflammatory properties of aspirin can help calm down active breakouts and promote faster healing of acne blemishes. You can use aspirin as a spot treatment or apply it to larger areas of the face to target multiple pimples at once. However, conducting a patch test before using aspirin on your face is crucial to ensure there are no adverse reactions, especially if you have sensitive skin.

Egg Whites

Egg whites, rich in astringent albumin, have been touted as a natural remedy for acne, with their protein content allegedly helping to tighten pores, absorb excess oil, and reduce inflammation associated with breakouts. While the effectiveness of egg whites in treating acne is still largely anecdotal, some users swear by its benefits. Remember to patch test egg whites before using them as a face mask to make sure you don't have any allergic reactions or sensitivities.

Turmeric and Yogurt

Turmeric contains curcumin, which has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. Yogurt, on the other hand, contains probiotics and lactic acid that can soothe and hydrate the skin, making it a beneficial ingredient for acne-prone skin. When combined, turmeric and yogurt can create a natural face mask that may help calm acne breakouts and promote clearer skin. Turmeric's antioxidant properties can also assist in reducing acne scarring and hyperpigmentation over time.

Cucumber and Aloe Vera

The anti-inflammatory properties of cucumber and the soothing effects of aloe vera can be used to reduce redness, inflammation, and excess oil production associated with acne. Both aloe vera gel and cucumber juice can hydrates and calms the skin. Both ingredients can reduce redness and promote healing.


Say No More to Acne Breakouts: Perfect Medical's The Acne Treatment!

The Acne Treatment by Perfect Medical provides a painless, non-invasive, and lasting solution for removing and preventing acne. This treatment uses vacuum dermabrasion technology to gently exfoliate your skin, removing oil, dirt, and dead skin cells. Additionally, it infuses medical-grade hydrating essence to deeply nourish your skin and stimulate collagen growth. This advanced skincare treatment not only cleanses and nourishes but also controls acne-causing bacteria, preventing future breakouts. The outcome? Clear, smooth, and flawless skin!
Don't let acne trouble you anymore. Discover the transformative benefits of the Acne Treatment at Perfect Medical and enjoy the beauty of clear, radiant skin!


How to Prevent Acne?

Wash your face with a Gentle Cleanser

A gentle cleanser helps to remove dirt, oil, and impurities that can clog pores and lead to acne. Try to use a gentle cleanser twice daily helps maintain a healthy balance of skin oils, reducing the risk of acne. Gentle cleansers are less likely to irritate the skin, reducing redness and inflammation associated with acne.


Hydrated skin is less prone to excessive oil production and clogged pores. You might think that moisturizing would exacerbate oily skin, but the right moisturizer can actually help regulate sebum production and reduce acne breakouts. When choosing a moisturizer, look for oil-free, non-comedogenic formulas that won't clog pores. Ingredients like hyaluronic acid, glycerin, or ceramides can help maintain skin moisture without causing acne. Proper moisturizing can support the skin barrier function, protecting it from external irritants that can trigger acne. Remember, even oily skin needs moisture to stay balanced and healthy.

Wear Sunscreen

Wear sunscreen daily to shield your skin from harmful UV rays that can exacerbate acne inflammation. Regular sunscreen use also helps prevent dark spots from forming after acne breakouts. Besides, wearing sunscreen, you should also avoid extensive sun light exposure, as this can help with reducing stress on your skin, which can contribute to acne. Remember to choose oil-free, non-comedogenic sunscreens to avoid clogging pores and causing breakouts.

Clean Diet

You can greatly reduce your risk of acne breakouts by adopting a clean diet that fuels your body with nutrient-dense foods and avoids inflammatory triggers. Eating a clean diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins can help prevent acne by providing essential nutrients for healthy skin. Consuming foods high in antioxidants like berries, nuts, and seeds can reduce inflammation in the body, potentially improving acne symptoms. Avoiding processed foods, sugary snacks, and high-glycemic index foods can help regulate blood sugar levels and reduce sebum production, which can contribute to acne. Including probiotic-rich foods like yogurt, kefir, and sauerkraut in your diet can promote gut health, which is linked to skin health and may help prevent acne. Remember to drink plenty of water daily to flush out toxins and maintain proper hydration levels in your skin.

Manage Your Stress

By regulating your stress levels through relaxation techniques, healthy habits, and professional help when needed, you can prevent acne flare-ups and maintain a clearer complexion. To manage stress, try these techniques: 1. Take slow, deep breaths in through your nose and out through your mouth to calm your mind and body. 2. Set aside time each day to mediate; focus on your breath, quiet your mind, and reduce stress. 3. Engage in physical activities that bring you joy, such as walking, yoga, or dancing, to reduce stress and improve overall health. 4. Aim for 7-8 hours of sleep each night to help regulate stress hormones and reduce sebum production.

Wash Your Hair

Oily hair can transfer excess oils and bacteria to your face, clogging pores and causing breakouts. If you have oily hair, shampooing regularly can help reduce the risk of acne. Remember to use non-comedogenic hair products to prevent acne by minimizing pore-clogging ingredients. Additionally, hair care practices like avoiding heavy styling products and keeping hair off your face can prevent acne flare-ups. Regularly changing pillowcases and bed linens can further reduce the risk of acne caused by oil and dirt transfer from unwashed hair.


Acne Treatment
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What Are 5 Causes of Acne?

Acne can be triggered by five main causes: hormonal changes, oily skin, slow skin cell turnover, certain medical conditions, and medications like corticosteroids and lithium, can stimulate oil glands.

What Are All the Types of Acne?

There's comedones, papules, pustules, nodules, cystic acne, and nodulocystic acne, each with unique characteristics and challenges.

How long does it take for pimple treatments to work?

Pimple treatments usually take about 4 to 6 weeks to show improvement. For some, it may take several months of consistent use to see significant results, especially for moderate or severe acne.

What are the common side effects of pimple treatments?

Common side effects include dryness, redness, and peeling, especially with topical treatments like benzoyl peroxide or retinoids. These effects usually subside as your skin adjusts.

What should I avoid when treating pimples?

Avoid touching your face, popping pimples, and using harsh skincare products. These actions can irritate the skin, spread bacteria, and worsen acne vulgaris.